a port of the Processing Visualization Language


String str1 = "CCCP";

char data[] = {'C', 'C', 'C', 'P'};

String str2 = new String(data);

println(str1);  // Prints "CCCP" to the console

println(str2);  // Prints "CCCP" to the console

// Comparing String objects, see reference below.

String p = "potato";

if (p == "potato") {

  println("p == potato, yep.");  // this will not print


// The correct way to compare two Strings

if (p.equals("potato")) {

  println("Yes, the contents of p and potato are the same.");


// Use a backslash to include quotes in a String

String quoted = "This one has \"quotes\"";

println(quoted);  // This one has "quotes"
Description A string is a sequence of characters. The class String includes methods for examining individual characters, comparing strings, searching strings, extracting parts of strings, and for converting an entire string uppercase and lowercase. Strings are always defined inside double quotes ("Abc") and characters are always defined inside single quotes('A').

To compare the contents of two Strings, use the equals() method, as in "if (a.equals(b))", instead of "if (a == b)". A String is an Object, so comparing them with the == operator only compares whether both Strings are stored in the same memory location. Using the equals() method will ensure that the actual contents are compared. (The troubleshooting reference has a longer explanation.)

Because a String is defined within quotes, including quotes in a String requires the \ (backslash) character to be used (see the second example above). This is known as an escape sequence. Other escape sequences include \t for the tab character, and \n for new line. A single backslash is indicated by \.

There are more string methods than those linked from this page. Additional String documentation is located at http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/docs/api/.
charAt() Returns the character at the specified index
equals() Compares a string to a specified object
indexOf() Returns the index value of the first occurance of a character within the input string
length() Returns the number of characters in the input string
substring() Returns a new string that is part of the input string
toLowerCase() Converts all the characters to lower case
toUpperCase() Converts all the characters to upper case

String(data, offset, length)
data byte[] or char[]: array of bytes to be decoded into characters or array of characters to be combined into a string
offset int: index of the first character
length int: number of characters
Usage Web & Application
Related char

This reference is licensed under the CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 license:

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